Animation: Electromagnetic force effect

The animation illustrates the relationship between electric current and magnetic force. A horseshoe magnet is shown as a 3D model. Inside the magnet is a conductive material through which a current flows. The higher the current strength, the more the conductor is deflected.

Note on use

After starting the application, you can view the animation in full-screen mode. To do this, click on “View” and then on “Full screen”:

To exit full screen mode, press the Esc key.

Description of the animation

The deflection of the material can be explained by the Lorentz force. The Lorentz force is the force that acts on a moving electron in a magnetic field.

q: charge of the electron
v: velocity of the electron
B: strength of the magnetic field,
θ: angle between the direction of movement of the electron and the direction of the magnetic field.

Applied to the scene shown in the animation, the Lorentz force can be expressed as follows:

B: strength of the magnetic field,
I: current in the conductor,
L: length of the conductor in the magnetic field
θ: angle between current direction and magnetic field.

The intensity and direction of the current can be set using a virtual controller. The magnetic force effect and the deflection of the conductor adapt accordingly.

The two-dimensional view also shows the resulting magnetic field, which is created by merging the static and dynamic magnetic fields.

Note: The animation takes into account the difference between technical and physical current direction. Electrons, indicated by blue spheres, show the physical current direction.

Overview and download

TitelElectromagnetic force effect
Target groupTeachers and lecturers
PlatformsMicrosoft® Windows®
Apple® Macintosh®
FeaturesFull screen mode
lossless zoom
Large screens and projection screens supported
DownloadContact us


C. Hein, S. Rikowski

Source information


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